499. Kearny's Gap

William Becknell and fellow Missouri traders passed

through this spot on November 13, 1821. It was here that they were met by Mexican militia under the

command of Captain Pedro Gallego. Becknell officially

learned that Mexico was no longer controlled by Spain.

The militia escorted the traders into Santa Fe and thus

started the international trade route between the United

States and Mexico.

In 1846, during the Mexican-American War, General

Stephen W. Kearny’s famed Army of the West also passed through this area. They were on their way to declare Santa Fe as part of the United States.